News & Recent Publications
Thursday, September 27, 2012
USGS Publication: Open-File Report 2012–1151
The Organic Petrology Laboratory (OPL) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Eastern Energy Resources Science Center in Reston, Virginia, contains several thousand processed coal sample materials that were loosely organized in laboratory drawers for the past several decades.
Monday, June 25, 2012
USGS Publication: Open-File Report 2012–1126This report releases 234U/238U isotope data, expressed as activity ratios, and uranium concentration data from analyses completed at Northern Arizona University for groundwater and solid-phase leachate samples that were collected in and around Tuba City Open Dump, Tuba City, Arizona, in 2008.
Tuesday, May 01, 2012
A geochemical review
Outside Publication: International Journal of Coal GeologyElectron beam microanalysis of coal samples in U.S. Geological Survey labs confirms that arsenic is the most abundant minor constituent in iron disulfides in coal and that selenium, nickel, and other minor constituents are present less commonly and at lower concentrations than those for arsenic.
Monday, December 26, 2011
Outspide Publication: Energy & Fuels
Shale oils generated using different laboratory pyrolysis methods have been studied using standard oil characterization methods as well as Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) with electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric photoionization (APPI) to assess differences in molecular composition.
Sunday, December 04, 2011
From Five Power Plants in the United States
USGS Publication: Data Series 635
The principal mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Energy Resources Program (ERP) is to (1) understand the processes critical to the formation, accumulation, occurrence, and alteration of geologically based energy resources; (2) conduct scientifically robust assessments of those resources; and (3) study the impacts of energy resource occurrence and (or) their production and use on both the environment and human health.
Tuesday, September 13, 2011
A Primer for the Research Scientist
USGS Publication: Open-File Report 2011–1187Geochemistry is a constantly expanding science. More and more, scientists are employing geochemical tools to help answer questions about the Earth and earth system processes. Scientists may assume that the responsibility of examining and assessing the quality of the geochemical data they generate is not theirs but rather that of the analytical laboratories to which their samples have been submitted.
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
As on vitrinite in coal or petroliferous rocks
Outside Publication: Society for Organic Petrology NewsletterThe tool of measuring "vitrinite reflectance" under a microscope has great value in petroleum exploration and coal utilization, and the reflectance is a simple number, such as 1.4% Ro, with some slight variations depending on technique. This report analyzes here just one factor, "smear" of crude oil on the polished surface (from the sample), which may reduce reflectance because of thin-film interference.
Sunday, March 20, 2011
Halifax, July 31, 2011
Outside Publication: The Society of Organic Petrology Energy Resources and Petroleum Systems in the 21st Century - Technical Sessions:
- Petroleum Systems and Evaluation of the Unconventional Resources (Shale Gas or Shale Oil, Coal Bed methane and Gas Hydrate)
- Offshore Exploration: Source Rocks & Petroleum Systems
- CO2 Sequestration and Other Environmental Issues Related to Coal and Petroleum Use
Friday, January 22, 2010
Geology, Geochemical Processes, and Criteria for Resource Assessment
USGS Publication: Open-File Report 2010-1001
Felsic volcanic rocks have long been considered a primary source of uranium for many kinds of uranium deposits, but volcanogenic uranium deposits themselves have generally not been important resources. Grade and tonnage data are reviewed and discussed for 32 deposits in the world. Experience of mining engineers and geologists in Asia suggests that tonnages could be higher than presently known in the Western Hemisphere.
The Geochemistry Laboratory supports Energy Program needs for inorganic and organic analysis and maintains a laboratory information system (LIMS) for geochemical data tracking and sample storage. The lab provides geochemical expertise and analytical support to Federal, State and County agencies, universities and foreign research organizations. The laboratory is located in Building 20 of the Denver Federal Center in Lakewood, CO, and is administered by the Central Energy Science Center, Energy Resources Program.
The laboratories methodologies and instrumentation focus on coal and petroleum systems geochemistry as applied to national and global energy resource assessment projects, geologic framework, and petroleum processes studies. The geochemistry lab project supports petroleum processes research project, geochemistry of solid fuels, coal research assessment methodology project, and fossil fuel environmental issues including the evaluation of natural sources of greenhouse gases, prediction and monitoring of fossil-fuel quality and baseline studies of fossil fuel in the environment. The laboratories are on the cutting edge of new methodology and method development to achieve these goals. The labs also have a large focus on data preservation and data management. A proactive approach to data management will assure data quality and accuracy for the future.
The Energy Geochemistry Laboratory (EGL) implements a Quality Management System that emphasizes a continuous commitment to improve quality and efficiency. Quality Assurance is an integral part of routine laboratory analysis and the EGL has a system in place to identify problems and prevent their recurrence. The Energy Geochemistry Laboratory Quality Management System is implemented in the QA Manual, which is written to embody the USGS Fundamental Science Practices.
Quality Assurance Update
A quality control issue was identified with some geochemical data produced by the Denver Energy Geochemical Laboratory from 1996-2008.
The USGS Energy Resources Program Geochemistry Laboratory initiated a review of its quality assurance practices in 2008, covering quality control and methodology used in inorganic chemical analyses of coal, coal power plant ash, water and sediment samples.
This quality control review found that inorganic chemical analyses by the USGS ERP Geochmistry Laboratory from 1996 through 2008 incorporated quality practices that did not meet standards commonly in use at the time. The most serious shortcoming was the adjustment of raw data to a standard when the instrument reading for the standard was beyond acceptable limits, or when the frequency of repeat analyses of standards was insufficient. In general, adjustment of raw data to account for instrument drift is acceptable practice within strictly defined limits. During the period in question, the maximum adjustment of instrument readings, guided by calibration standards, was not allowed to exceed 10%. However, in some cases the adjustment exceeded 10% and/or was not constrained by an adequate number of control standards. Original instrument readings no longer exist for about 80% of the analyses in question and we are unable to determine the acceptability of drift corrections for most of the samples analyzed during this period. For these reasons, 1996-2008 data from the USGS ERP Inorganic Geochemistry Laboratory should be described as "semi-quantitative" and should be used with care.
Data Review Summary related to data produced by the Denver Energy Geochemical Laboratory from 1996-2008
The review showed that in 25-30 percent of the samples, some analysis had standard deviations greater than 20 percent due to normalization including ICP, ICPMS, Cl, Hg, Se, and S analysis. Updated values will be in future public database releases found on
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Download the table of affected jobs directly.
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